Around 14,400 people work for the Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG), making it one of the city’s biggest employers; with more than one billion passengers a year, it is also one of Europe’s largest public transport operators. On the international stage, the network density, service frequency, and hours of operation of Berlin’s public transport are among the very best, at the latest since the introduction of 24-hour underground services in 2006. Berlin is served by ten underground lines, eight of which also run at night. The tram network is made up of 22 routes, with nine operating around the clock. And of 151 bus routes, 17 travel their usual routes at night in addition to the 62 dedicated night bus lines particularly catering to the needs of night-time travellers. The BVG’s objective is to be reliable and innovative, and in the process make a contribution to the face of the city – both inwardly and outwardly.
The Charité is one the largest university hospitals in Europe. All of its clinical care, research, and teaching is delivered by physicians and researchers of the highest international standard. The Charité proudly lays claim to more than half of all German Nobel Prize winners in physiology or medicine, including Emil von Behring, Robert Koch, and Paul Ehrlich. It is internationally renowned for its excellence in teaching and training. Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin represents a single medical faculty that serves both the Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and the Freie Universität Berlin. It extends over four campuses, and has close to 100 different departments and institutes, making up a total of 17 Charité centres. Having marked its 300-year anniversary in 2010, the Charité is now one of the largest employers in Berlin, employing 13,200 employees (or 17,100 if including its subsidiaries), and with a total annual turnover of €1.6 billion.
SENATE DEPARTMENT FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, TRANSPORT, AND CLIMATE PROTECTION
Berlin’s Senate Department for the Environment, Transport, and Climate Protection is the highest state authority responsible for environmental, transport, and climate protection policy in the German capital. Department IV is responsible for transport. Specifically, this covers state-level expertise in key matters relating to transport policy, transport planning, planning and design of roads and open spaces, bicycle traffic, pedestrian traffic, public transport, commercial road passenger transport, junction management, road traffic and road management, trunk road management, top-level coordination of traffic penalties, shipping and ports, hazardous goods, research on traffic technology, top-level coordination of aviation and aviation safety, planning permission procedures for road and rail, and technical rail inspections.
EDERAL MINISTRY FOR THE ENVIRONMENT, NATURE CONSERVATION, BUILDING, AND NUCLEAR SAFETY
The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building, and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), responsible for a range of government policies that are reflected in the name of the ministry itself, has worked for more than 30 years to protect the public from environmental toxins and radiation and establish an intelligent and efficient use of raw materials; it has advanced climate action and promoted a use of natural resources that conserves biodiversity and secures habitats. In December 2013, responsibility for urban development, housing, rural infrastructure, public building law, building, the construction industry, and federal buildings was also transferred to this Federal Ministry.
In addition, it supports investment projects to reduce environmental pollution both in Germany and abroad as part of the Environmental Innovation Programme. Domestically, it promotes investment in demonstration projects that set advanced technological benchmarks and are unique within Germany. Its promotion of projects in Germany aims to develop models of how environmental pollution can be prevented or reduced with innovative technological processes or novel process combinations, and how environmentally-friendly products can be manufactured and used.